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This page includes albums with an emphasis on style and design as well as content.

Creative pursuits such as designing and completing scrapbooks liberated the Victorian woman from the obedient formalities which had long frame the conventions of so much of Victorian culture, as she came to find out her scrapbook had no rules.

Scrapbook interpretation both obliges and enables the creator to perceive things differently because at the core scrapbook time removes the demands of everyday life. Scrapbooks shuffle and recombine the coordinates of time, space, location, voice and memory--anonymous.
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"Your Favourite Walk" Photo and Memory Album created by Cissie, UK.     1909
Handmade, hand tied album with photographs and a handwritten letter from a niece, Cissie, to her uncle. Addressed 473 Carlton Place Oswaldtwistle, there is a photograph from Douglas Harbor  Isle of Man and the niece refers to her uncle getting settled in the "land of the free and the home of the brave" while referencing her travels in the UK Names mentioned include Peggy, a new niece Lizzie, brother Dick, and Aunt Maggie. 5" x 6 1/2" some staining from photograph and mounts
Salemen's Sample Book - International Selection of Silk Fabric Labels for Clothing. ..
22 page sample book with 5-10 different woven silk examples of silk and cotton fabric labels for garments.  Printed in a variety of styles, shapes, languages, etc.  Some with illustrations.  Others designed to be written on. A city in the Netherlands is penned on the inside cover. The labels are printed in Greek, Portugeuse, Spanish, French and English.  Labels from countries throughout Eurasia. Measures 7 1/2" x 10 1/2"..
 Retirement Album for W. B. Gray, Western Electric Company. Western Electric Company.Baltimore, Maryland.1952
William B. Gray was a Works Comptroller who worked at Western Electric Company, Point Breeze works in Maryland who retired in the summer of 1952. He was presented with a scrap album by his coworkers upon his departure. The first page of this album starts with W. B. Gray's, often referred to as Bill throughout, business card with a hand written note that says he retired on August 1, 1952. Next is a program for Gray's Testimonial Dinner thrown in his honor. The rest of the album is full of short notes written to Gray from his coworkers that are full of well-wishes at his retirement. The majority of the album has on each page two 8" x 5" pasted in notes with the phrase "Should Old Acquaintance be Forgot". Written on each of these pieces of paper are the notes, hand written and typed, from Gray's coworkers. Often pasted on next to the note is a picture, general a head shot, of his coworker who wrote the note. At times these pictures have been cut out so that only the head (and no background) of the picture is shown.  The notes themselves go from general well-wishes on a happy retirement, to memories about past times sometimes with humor thrown in. A few are even poems. One note that stands out in particular is actually a punched out computer time card with a sentiment written onto it. There are also several pages of just photographs throughout the album, generally either group images of employees or Gray in the outdoors with several unknown individuals. Lastly there is a copy of his employment contract. Loose in the album are a company organizational chart from Aug. 1945 and a copy of "The Pointer" a company newsletter from August 1952 which as an article on Gray's retirement. Below are two examples of the notes (the first an acrostic): "W with rod and lure B beguile the finny denizens of streams; G off your fish after R eeling in you catch and A dmit to the gurgle of white water - Y our travail has ended." "Best Wishes for a Happy Retirement; Enjoy yourself, it's later than you think." Green Leather covers with gild lettering. 80 pgs. Approximately 95 photographs, some of which are cutouts. 127 letters/notes. This count does not include loose items or the program, contract, or business card. . William Breathitt Gray II was born on October 3, 1888 to William Breathitt Gray I (1847-1915) and Mary Jane Draper Gray (1956-1922) in Utica, MT. Originally, a rancher on his parents farm, he moved to Chicago in the early 1920s to start work at the Western Electric Company. He married Mabel Dell St. John Gray (1892-1965) on December 23, 1916. They would have two children together, William Breathitt Gray III (1917-?) and David Wallace Gray (1919-?). He moved to Florida with his wife after his retirement, and died on January 11, 1976.
 Travel Scrap or Memento Book  -  Monograms, Hotel Logos, Fraternity Insignias etc.. ..1930-1940s
A unique scrap travel book  compiled by an unknown person with each page filled will snippets from letterheads from the stationary of the hotels the individual has stopped at. These pieces of the letterhead have been cut out and pasted into the album and there is a range of a singe (larger) piece to up to over twenty pieces on each page. The hotels range from all over North America, from the Wellington Hotel in Chicago to the Hodson in Waterbury, CT, to Hotel Geneye in Mexico City, Mexico to Hotel Windsor in Atlantic City, NJ. There are also letterheads from transportation means, such as "S.S. Brookline". "Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railway - En Route", and the "S.S. Mongolia" Sometimes the entire logo and name of the hotel isn't cut out, and only a portion, like the initials of the hotel or their logo. For example, there is one that is only the image of a shield with "The Barclay" written on top of it.  Additionally, there are also a few pages of cutouts from military letterheads such as "United States Army", "Army & Navy", "Second Army Corps", and the "Metal of Honor". In the beginning of the album the pieces were  arranged with purpose, such as creating the letter "W", within a few pages this effort ended.  Also includes a few pages of monograms and fraternity insignias, college flags, fraternal organization insignias and more.  Fifty (50) leaves with virtually all with material covering the front and back pages. The album showcases the wide variety of styles and designs hotels used on their stationary. While the majority of these letterheads are in black and white, there are a few that have color as well as being embossed. Interleaves. Leather cover.  Measures 10" x 7". .
 Scrap Book Album of Russell Roosen, Bridge Player from Detroit, Michigan, 1927-1945. Educational Press, Inc.New York.1950
Russell W Roosen was an expert bridge player from Detroit, Michigan. He competed professionally in the game as well as taught classes and gave lectures at the local country clubs.  This album is a scrap book, filled with newspaper clippings and other memorabilia. Throughout the late 1920s and 1930s Russell Roosen was a champion bridge player that competed on the national level. The majority of the newspaper clippings are from this time and feature a variety descriptions of the games he played. In addition to the clippings, there are several flyers and promotional materials from when he began teaching bridge classes. Roosen was even sent on a cruise to the  Thousand Islands where he taught bridge on the ship. When the war broke out, Roosen enlisted in the Army. At this point the album shifts to a record of his time as a Private in the Army serving in the Pacific Ocean Theater during WWII. The majority of items included from this time are local Detroit clippings that mention him, photographs from his Army days and a few pieces of correspondence. One of which was sent to him by a  member of the Detroit Free Press which starts off stating, "Your most interesting letter, with perhaps the most interesting section riddled by censor, got in this morning..." Another funny tit bit comes from a newspaper clipping which talks about the trouble Roosen almost got into by describing himself on an Army questionnaire as a "bridge expert". His superior officer, at hearing that he was a "bridge expert" mistakenly thought he meant an expert in bridge construction and he was promptly assigned to guard a bridge. The article ends with "If he is as good a bridge tender as he is a bridge player, the officer made no mistake." A the end of the book is a letter, mechanically signed by President Harry Truman, thanking Roosen for his service. Red covers, with a stamped border design, and the name "Russell Roosen" gilded on the front cover. Approximately 50 pages of the scrap book is filled with ephemera. The materials within the scrap book date from 1927 to the mid 1940s, however the scrap book itself is from 1950 and as such the album must have been assembled after 1950. The book was published by the Educational Press, Inc, from New York and was 'size B' from their "Book Shelf Scrap Book and Album" collection.  11 3/4" x 9 1/2". Russell W. Roosen was born on May 15, 1908 in Detroit, Michigan to Peter (1994-?) and Elsie (1889- ?)  Roosen. He had one sister, Gladys Roosen (1907- ?). Russell became an extremely proficient bridge player at a young age, eventually becoming the bridge columnist for the Detroit Free Press for over twelve years. He was a five-time winner of the MBA's (Michigan Bridge Association Stein Trophy, and he managed several local bridge clubs, including Knickerbockers and the Metro for 25 years. He was also a nationally known composer of bridge problems, and he invented the diagrammed deal as a way of illustrating all the cards in a single diagram. When he moved to Connecticut with his wife, Jeanne, in 1985 the MBA named a tournament after him. Russell died in New Haven CT, in March 1995, he was 86 years old and at the time of his death was an Alzheimer's patient.
P.S. 86 Tooled Copper Cover Remembrance Scrapbook Given to Mrs. Nufer by her Students upon her retirement. .New York.1949
Anna Louisee Nufer retired as Principle of New York PS 86 on September 19, 1949. On that day she was presented with a scrap book made by the teachers and students of PS 86. The covers are green leather with a tooled copper illustration of the story "There was an old woman who lived in a shoe." The dedication page of this scrap book is also tooled copper affixed to wallpaper, which states the date the book was given to Mrs. Nufer. The scrap book is 23 leaves, and consists of thank you notes in general written by the teacher and signed by all of the students in their respective classes. Each page was done on a colored construction paper often with hand drawn borders. One page that stand out in particular has a water color of the world and a poem full of plays on words: "The world is you 'Erster' and see what's inside You made your 'cherse ter' While you feel better Instead of 'Worster' " Attached to the back inside cover is a hand made card filled with poetry across 22 pages. The front of the card has a painted silhouette of a sailboat. The first page of this card has an adorable crayon drawing of children marching holding flags along with the inscription "Testimonial Dinner to Mrs. Anna L Nufer, Hotel Madison, November 7, 1949." Within the card are little missives and poems written on each page from fellow friends and teachers. Green leather covers, rope binding. Tool cooper cover and dedication page. Measures 13 1/4" x 11 1/2" . Anna Lousie Nufer nee Kaelin, was born on September 23 1887 in Manhattan, NY to Herman Kaelin and Anna Genevieve Becker (1867 -?). She married Christian F. Nufer (1891 - 1970) and had one daughter named Doris Rose Nufer Fisher (1917-2006). She started teaching in 1913 at PS 71. Eventually she would become principle at PS 86, and retire in 1949. She died on January 4, 1979 in Needham, MA.
Stutz Family, Elizabeth A. Stutz Poetry and Recipe Album of the Stutz Family. .Middletown, Ohio.c1830-1915
A family scrap album of magazine and newspaper clippings of poetry and recipes. The majority of the clippings are poetry. Each page of the scrap album has three narrow columns of clippings pasted on. The clippings date from the 1830s all the way until around 1915. A Elizabeth (Lizzie) Stutz is the only name written in the album, however as some of the clippings predate her birth, this book mostly like belonged to another family member, perhaps her mother first. In fact there is a loose draft of a letter written by an unnamed woman to her brother making reference to 'Lizzie's father'. While the majority of the album are clippings form various magazines or newspapers, Interspersed throughout are several handwritten poems, at least one of which is original poetry by Lizzie Stutz. The majority of the recipes within this album are loose pages that have been placed inside the album for safe keeping. There are a few loose short stories as well. In addition to these loose pieces of ephemera, there are several items of a more personal nature. There is a report card for Lizzie Stutz from 1875. Based on the image of the school printed on the report card, she attended Union School (sometimes referred to as South School) on Yankee Road & 4th Ave, in Middletown, OH. In addition to the school report card, there is a gathering of line paper, presumably what was once a part of a separate journal The front page of this gathering has a stylized bird drawn in ink with the words "Lizzie Stutz, Room 12, Class 9" written in-between the feathers. The first half of this gathering comprises of practice lettering, sometimes a single letter written over and over again, and sometimes a word or phrase whose spelling allows for practice of a unique combination of letters. The latter have of this gathering must have been completed at a different time (indeed on of the entries has the date 1879), as the subject matter is a bit more advance. There are math notes and completed algebra problems, as outline lines for several different essays, such as one on coal and Henry Clay. Another personal item in the album is a photograph, presumably of Lizzie Stutz. It is a sepia side view portrait pasted within its own decorative storage folder. Below are a few excerpts from the poems found within the album: "... Choose times with a lullaby flowers, And sing through the watches you keep- Be soft with your coming and going- Be soft she is falling asleep. And what would my life be without her Pray God that I never may know Dear friend as you get her about her Be low oh be low with your weeping- be low Be low oh be low with your weeping Your sobs be sorrow to her I tremble lest while she is sleeping..."  - Excerpt from original poem by Elizabeth A Stutz "This is the eldest of the seasons; he moves not like spring with gradual steps, nor grows From bud to beauty, but with all his snows, Comes down at once in hoar antiquity. Now comes the season when the humble want, And know the misery of their wretched scant; Go ye, and seek their homes who have the power, And ease the sorrows of their trying hour."  - Winter "Let's take this world as some wide scene, through which in rail but buoyant boat, With skies now rude and now serene, Together thou and I must float; Beholding oft on either shore, Bright spots where we should like to stay, But Time plies swift his flying oar, And on we speed- away, away."  - Excerpt from 'The Boat of Life' by Thomas Moore Marble covers, Measures 11" x 7 3/4". Elizabeth A. Stutz was born in 1863 to George Stutz (1832-1899)  and Matilda Klepinger Stutz  (1834-1913)  in Ohio. She had two sisters Dora Belle Stutz Redder (1861-1927) and Harriet (Hattie) A. Stutz Flory (1868-1952). She married John H Plettner (1866-1924) on October 21 1888. She died in 1918.
The Girl's Graduate Journal belonging  to Dorothy Bradford, Class of 1935
The scrap book album belongs to Dorothy Bradford who attended North Central High School, in Spokane, WA. A portion of the album also covers her time at Havermale Junior High School. The first third of the album is full of newspaper clippings dealing with either her or her friends at North Central. The rest of the majority of the album are various pieces of memorabilia, such a programs, greeting cards, cloth sport letters dance cards, and ribbons. There approximately 40 photographs, of which half are head shots of fellow classmates. The rest show her and her friends engaged in a variety of activities, such as musical performances and a 'doll show'. There is one image of Dorothy where she appears to be dressed up as Hitler with the caption "Heil!" underneath. Dorothy was an avid tennis player and was president of the Girls League. She was also a member of the orchestra, which makes sense as her father, Lowell Bradford (who was crippled with infantile paralysis since childhood) was the Musical Director at North Central High School. At the back of the album is a pressed carnation that Dorothy presented to her at a Girls League event. The album itself is a first edition published in 1925 by Reilly & Lee Company in Chicago. It is arranged by Janet Madison and decorate by E. J. McDonald. It is a photographic/scrap book album, with numerous blank pages for its future owners to fill. Blue cloth covers with elaborate gilt floral design and lettering on the front. String-tied binding. Original printed publishers box with a few broken joints. Measures 9" x 8"
Photo Album: I Corp Solider during Occupation of Japan includes Orphans and Red Light District, 1946
A photo album with over 70 photographs taking during the occupation of Japan ranging from August 1946 to Christmas of that same year. The album itself has no publishing marks, but the embroidered scene on the cover of a Japanese outdoor theme suggests that it was originally purchased in Japan. All the images are held in place by photo corners, and there is only missing photograph.
Contents include several pictures of the Brock’s superior officers but most are either of his bunk mates or of scenes around Honshu. Of note are several pictures of Japanese orphans on Christmas outside of the Red Cross building. There are also pictures of Brock and his fellow soldiers having Christmas Dinner in the mess hall. Throughout the album there are numerous street scenes filled with the local Japanese people, there is even one of a Japanese monk. Several pages of the album are full of pictures from Japan’s Gion District, otherwise known as the Red Light District. There quite a few pictures of humorous signs, either advertising the district or attempting to ensure that no soldier entered it. For example, there is a photo from inside the Grand Kyoto Cabaret (obviously the signs attempting to deter Brock did not work) that states: “Soldiers Remember!!! Public displays of affection by men in uniform towards the women of any nation are in poor taste.” Other images in the album are from when Brock was able to visit other parts of Japan, including Mt. Fuji, Mt. Hai, and a zoo. Measures 11 1/2" x 9".

Memory Album - Phililp Bethel Boude - His Book - Wawonaissa (NH) Photographs of a Camp with Wilderness Theme Watercolor Border Decorations. ..1911
Suede cover with pyrography decorated cover reading "Wawonaissa" with wildflower decoration. The hand penned title page reads "Philip Bethel Boude - His Book - 1911 with drawings of candles at the base.  The next page is a penned verse by Agnes L. Tierney that begins "When the rapture of summer has set the pulse athrill...Most pages have a photograph of life at the "camp" or the surrounding water, all embellished with hand drawn watercolor border decorations of items relevant to the photograph. Approximately 50 pages.  Few with watercolor decorations but with out photo, few with remnants of a lacking photo (2-3?). Measures 7 1/2" x 10".  Cover wear. .
. Autograph Album and Sketch Book created by Employees of the Ministry of Munitions, Drawing Office,  includes Women's Advancement, Fine Watercolors and Sketches - some Chinese Characters. . .Town Hall Anerley, S. E. London .1918
Town Hall Anerley, S. E. London.1918. An autograph album with sentiments and sketches created by various employees of of the Ministry of Munitions, Drawing Office.  Predominantly populated by women, as it was the type of work women did in wartime.   Includes sentiments such as "Nature, impartial in her ends, When she made Man the strongest; In justice too to make amends, Made Woman's tongue the longest". Also another titled "Woman" discussing woman's skills, etc. It also includes a hand penned "Each in His Own Tongue" originally by William Hubert Carmuth. A French and English translation on Friendship.  Also comments about working in the Drawing Office.  Also includes fine watercolors and pencil drawings. .
Laura Beaumont Moseley (nee Hadley) Photo Album of her time at Vassar College
The main item in this collection is a photo album that Laura put together of her time at Vassar between 1918 and 1920. There are images of her fellow classmates and teachers, and some campus buildings such as Taylor Hall, the library, and what appears to be her dorm room (labeled as 403 Main). Some of the individuals of note in the photographs are Professor Burges Johnson, Minne Cumnock Blodgett (a school Trustee), and Ella McCaleb (the college’s first dean in 1913). There are four large photographs of the 1919 Junior Party, an annual event at Vassar where plays and such were put on by the students. There is a paper doll chain in the album, that appears to to illustrate Laura and her four close girl friends: Pater, Cyr, Lucy, and Cherub. There are some family photographs in the album, most likely from when she was visiting the family farmstead, named Snake Rock Farm in Sandy Hook, CT. Additionally there are photographs of a large group of her friends and their beaus at an unknown lake. The majority of the photographs also have some notations by them such as “the three roommates” and “Delicious! May I have the recipe?” While the people in each photograph are often identified, it has been mostly done with either by a nickname or their initials. In addition to the album there several loose photographs, including what appears to be a class picture. Furthermore, there are over ten envelopes with negatives. These envelopes are addressed to one of Laura’s three address, 93 Whitney Ave (where her parents lived), Snake Rock Farm in Sandy Hook, and 403 Main (her address at Vassar) and sometimes include receipts.  There are just over a hundred black and white photographs, and approximately forty-five (45) corresponding film negatives. The photographs vary in size, ranging from 3” x 2” up to 9 ½” x 6”.  Additionally, there are 5 duplicate photographs (4 loose, 1 in the album) of the library at Vassar. Also included in this collection are two homework assignments.  One of the assignments is an essay on the symbolic meaning of a circle (undated), and the other is an essay in Italian (dated November 26, 1919), on several prominent figures who recently visited America, such as the King and Queen of Belgium. The latter assignment is typed and graded, while the former is handwritten with no additional marks. The handmade magazine dates from May 1912, and appears to have been created by Laura in humor. It is three pages long including the title page. The second page has a quote from a geometry book discussing how to find the angle of a triangle. Below it is a humorous interpretation of that geometrical problem entitled “The Horrible Result of Trying this Experiment in the Town of Groton, Triangle ABC.” It shows an illustration of a street with two buildings, the town hall (with the sign “Who Enters Here Leaves Hope Behind, Town Hall”) and the Police Department. Laura is depicted near the police department looking up a man identified as Peter Zeus who is standing on the roof of the town hall. The illustrations shows the reader how to calculate the angle between Laura on the ground and Peter on the roof. Beside the town hall, is a small figure falling, which is meant to illustrate Peter is falling or jumping from the roof. The last page of the magazine has a Sonnet that hilariously discusses how to write a sonnet for class. To view this collection, please click on the following link: https://photos.app.goo.gl/133PStnHDt9EJrRs2
Hand Made Birthday Album - A Tribute to Our Grandmother on her Eightieth Birthday, January 12, 1886.  from her ever affectionate Grandchildren.
Velvet covered album with handmade works demonstrating penmanship, stitchery, watercolor and pencil drawing, etc.  Each created by a different child.  Includes an Acrostic Prayer surrounded by a watercolor of the Holy Bible, Three (3) pen and ink drawings of a sail boat, a pier, a sack of flour, Charcoal of harbor scene, Three (3) watercolors of birds, nests, foliage and flower, sAn embroidered horseshoe on silk.  Measures 5" x 8".  String tie has been replaced.  Otherwise fine.
 Album with Original Art and Hand Colored Lithography, musings and verse. .England. c 1830-1850s
An artist's scrap book filled with over fifty (50) pieces of original art work and hand colored lithography and other pieces.  What makes this scrap book a unique find, is the consistent fine quality of the work within. Some of the hand-colored lithography is so expertly done that it becomes hard to tell whether or not it is a lithographic print. Pieces of note are: the portrait of a young girl with ringlets, and another portrait of a man in a turban. Some beautiful landscapes of farmland (rendered in pencil), an old stone bridge (watercolor), a boldly colored butterfly  (color pencil) and bird (ink & color pencil), and  'A Pas de Deux' of crabs (ink).   Additionally includes a pith watch paper with a thistle. A finely detailed tropical bird on a rose stem with nearby butterfly adorned with dried flora. Along with artwork there are several original pieces of music and poetry. There are two pieces of music, a ballad and a round, along with their music score. The poems are both original pieces, and quotes from other notable poets of the day. Once such quote, written in beautiful calligraphy, is from the poem entitled "Woman" by Eaton Stannard Barrett. "Would Woman govern tyrants? she concedes In slight concerns, and hence in weight, leads. Opposes first, to make surrender prized, And while she gives advice, appears advised" Gilt and blind stamp leather. The pages are  gilt-edged. The majority of the book has tipped in art work that has been secured to the page by glue and/or thread. Furthermore the majority of the lithographic prints within have been hand colored, but not all. Most of the artwork is unsigned, however when it is, the initials are general the same three names, E.B., E.T., and A.C. Wigan. There is reference to the Armstrong famil as well. A letter is included with the note "To my sister Daisy Armstrong, from my mother Mrs. Armstrong".  The bulk of the material in the album dates from the 1930s. Measures 9 1/4" x 7 1/4". To view this album, please click on the following link: https://goo.gl/photos/JkMjtRZRJJU1aF6A9. Covers show some wear, and the back strip and edges are slightly damaged due to rubbing. The binding is partiallyA few interior pages are loose and/or detached. There is some glue residue on the interior pages as well, due to the original owner pasting in prints, but nothing that affects any of the artwork.
 Kodakery, Manuscript on Photography with Photos and Drawings. ..c1920
This handmade photography guide, called, Kodakery, contains a series of drawings, photographs, and printed photographs, used to illustrate the art of photography. Made from a photo album, it contains 23 pages of written text, 5 pages of drawings, 26 individual photographs, and 16 printed photographs. Kodakery is a term that was derived from the camera name "Kodak", and according to this guide it meant "the taking of pictures, developing and finally printing to show the picture." The guide starts off with a description of the camera itself, its various parts and 6 different types of lenses (miniscus, concave, convex, meniscus achromatic, rapid rectilnear, and anastigmatic lenses), and more specifically how light enters the camera through the different lenses. The guide continues on to provide in-depth explanations of a fixed focus camera and of that of an adjustable focal length, and what that means for the camera's depth of focus, even discussing what F-stops are best for different types of pictures. Next the guide discusses the film itself and its different parts: a strip of celluloid, a gelatin, and a silver bromide, before continuing on to instruct the reader on how to develop the film and how make prints from the negatives. This section is rather in depth, as it goes into the room requirements, the chemicals needed, how to enlarge prints, and different contrast filters that can be used. The guide ends with a series of quick tips for the reader to remember, such as "be sure the temperature of the developer and fixing is below 70 degrees" and "fixed focus cameras have great depth of focus." On ever other page of the guide are either drawings, actual photographs or printed photographs used to illustrated the text. For example, there is a drawing of each of the different types of lenses, a series of four printed photographs that show how the use of different contrast filters affect the image, and actual photographs used to illustrated what a photograph looks like when it is either under or over developed. Green covers, 50 pgs. Measures 10 1/4" x 7 1/4" The photographs and printed photographs are held in place by photo corners, while the text pages are line paper that has been pasted in. It is unclear if this album was meant to be a first draft for a printed photographic manual, or made for a school assignment. .
Emma S. Doughten Emma S. Doughten's European Trip, April 1901 - September 1902. ..
Presented in two albums, the travels of an unaccompanied female on a European tour.  In early 1901 Emma Doughten began her European Tour, traveling mostly by rail, she visited numerous countries, such as Spain, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, France, England and Scotland. Emma narrates every portion of her trip with exacting, detailed, entries of the sites she sees and the people she meets. From the extolling on the history of each art piece, cathedral, palace, or chateau she visited to her interactions with fellow travelers or the townsfolk she met. Often, she would spend pages writing all she learned while visiting the historic site of the day. Along with her written journal entries, in order to illustrate the numerous sites visited, are pasted-in postcards. From the view of the Louvre from across the Seine in Paris to the various small towns she visited in the high Alps in Switzerland.   Starting her journey in Spain, she visited various locations, such as Ibiza and Gibraltar. Continuing on to Austria she visited Innsbruck and Vienna and saw such sites as the Hofburg Imperial Palace and the Tyrolean State Museum. A short train ride later she spent some time Germany visiting the various sights in Munich and Dresden. Making her way to Switzerland and she traveled on the Axenstrasse Highway, a picturesque road built along steep cliffs on the east side of the Lake Lucerne. The views along this throughway are spectacular as it weaves through the many rock fall galleries and tunnels along its route. From there Emma traveled on the Gotthard Railway, a Swiss trans-alpine railway that runs from northern Switzerland all the way to the country's boarder with Italy. The railroad takes its passengers through the Alps by means of the Gotthard Tunnel, making several stops along the way to the tourist towns that are scattered throughout the Alps. Along the way, Emma also saw the Rhonegletscher (otherwise known as the Rhone Glacier, located in the Swiss Alps and is the source of the Rhône River and one of the primary contributors to Lake Geneva), Le Pont Suspendu (a large suspension bridge which at its inauguration in 1834, it became, for a time, the longest suspension bridge in the world, as well as one of the first to use wireline cables instead of chains. It was destroyed in 1923 to make way for the Zaehringen bridge.), and Matterhorn (a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy, it's a huge and near-symmetrical pyramidal peak and it is one of the highest summits in the Alps and Europe). Eventually making her way into Italy, Emma spent some time along Lake Maggiore; a long, thin, lake on the south side of the Alps that is noted for its picturesque surroundings of greenery-filled mountains, before traveling on to some of the more well-known Italian tourist destinations. Such as Milan, Florence, Sienna, Rome, Assisi, and Pompeii. One lesser known spot Emma visited was Bussana Vecchia, a ghost town in Liguria, Italy, that had been abandoned by its citizens due to an earthquake in 1887. From there she continued onto France, stopping in Paris and visiting all the classic sites: The Louvre, The Vendome Column, Notre Dame, The Arc de Triumph, Place Charles de Gaulle, and Saint-Jacques Tower. Leaving Paris, Emma visited almost too many French Chateaux to be named, though some highlights are the Chateau de Cheverny, the royal Château de Chambord, and the royal Château de Blois. Emma continued on through the coast of Brittany and Normandy visiting such sites as the Carnac stones (an exceptionally dense collection of megalithic sites around the village of Carnac in Brittany), and Mont-Saint-Michel (an island fort that houses several strategic fortifications since ancient times). Using the French port city of Calais, Emma traveled across the English Channel to the cliff top town of Dover. There she started her last leg of her journey, exploring the British Isles. Traveling north through England, she visited London, Canterbury, Oxford, and Salisbury. Additionally, she spent some time at Stonehenge, Shakespeare's birthplace and Land's End (found along the coast of Cornwall, it is the most westerly point of mainland England). From there she moved onto Scotland, where she spent time visiting various lochs and their nearby towns and castles. Such as Dunstaffnage Castle by Loch Etive, Stirling Castle near Stirling City, and Durham Castle in Durham. Additionally, she also spent some time in Edinburgh and Linlithgow. Here the journal rather abruptly ends, with no real conclusion or statement how Emma traveled home. Additionally, on the last 20 or so pages of the journal Emma has left several blank sections were she obviously meant to go back and paste in the postcards of the sites she was describing but never got around to it. However, placed in-between pages of the journal, there are two envelopes full of postcards from England and Scotland, that she most likely meant to use. Additionally, the beginning of her trip is also a bit of a mystery. The first journal's binding is damaged and it looks as though several pages at the beginning are missing. As Emma made a point of recording on the inside cover of both journals where she was when she started them and the date, one is able to confirm that she started in Gibraltar. Overall, these journals provide an amazing insight into the popular 'European Tour' at the very beginning of the 20th century. To view this collection, please click on the following link: https://goo.gl/photos/D3imq9fr2z6YSUuF8. This collection consists of two journals. The first journals' shows heavy cover wear. The front cover is detached and the back strip is missing. It appears that the first few pages of the journal are missing. Some additional pages are loose or detached. The second journal covers also show moderate cover wear. The back strip is partially detached and the binding is loose by intact, though some individual pages are fully detached from the binding. Both journals are mostly written in pen, though the first few pages of the first journal are written in pencil, and therefore is had to read in places. Additionally, there are some stains in both journals due to the paste and/or tape used to adhere the postcards.
 Autograph and Sketchbook of Dorothy Borrajo, 1907-1915											. .England.1907-1915
A lovely autograph and sketch book given to Dorothy Borrajo by her classmates as a souvenir when she left school in 1907. The interior cover has a pasted in list of all of Dorothy's classmates. Throughout the sketchbook there are numerous drawings and poems written by her friends from 1907 to 1915. Drawings are in pencil, ink, color pencil and watercolor. Some of the poems and drawings are quite humorous. One depicts a mother by the ocean with her two swimming daughters, glaring at a man, with the caption, "Momma disapproves of mixed bathing." 9" x 7 1/2". Well executed images reflecting all walks of life including racial stereotypes, daily life and more. To view images, please click on the following link: https://goo.gl/photos/qiR3BPRSTmFyqHvE9 . Minor wear. Binding reinforced.