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 Invisible Guest Dinner, 1921Montclair European Relief Committee, NJ for Czecho-Slovakia Children .
A single-fold promotional brochure for "Invisible Guest Dinner" Montclair, NJ, Tuesday Evening, January 18, 1921.  The menu was Stew (rice soup), Bread and Coca, which is exactly what the Hoover Kitchens in zecho-Slovakia are feeding the children they serve.  It equals approximately 700 calories a day. The children are the Invisible Guests. The brochure promotes the organization and lists the Montclair European Relief Committee officers and members. Measures 9" x 4"
Joseph Lee  Play and Playgrounds . .1908.
A reprint of an essay written by Joseph Lee, the man considered to be the grandfather of the playground movement. It was published after he was named the chairman of the Playground Association of America's Committee on State Laws. The essay covered not only his philosophy of play, but the types of play recommended for various ages, the importance of variety in play, the necessity of leadership and supervision, and the character values that come from play. Measures 9" x 6"..
 Home Play and Play Equipment for the Preschool Child . Children's Bureau Publication, No. 238 (US Dept. of Labor)..
A 22pp booklet with illustration of children at play on cover promotes play as a way of learning. Contents includes Play a way of learning - playing along, with other children, Parties and Christmas, Imitative play, Pretending, Training the senses; Play equipment - Toys, Books and pictures and Outdoor play equipment; Suggestions for further reading.  The Outdoor equipment section includes diagrams and instructions on constructing a sand box, play plank and sawhorse, swing and climbing bar, and finally swing, rings and trapeze.  Back cover depicts image from photograph of children at play with a sand box, play planks, a packing box and a wagon. Measures 9 1/4" x 6". .
Ernest T. Attwell Recreation for the Colored America. The American City Magazine.New York, NY.9710
An article by Ernest T. Attwell (1878-1949) that appeared in 'The American City Magazine' in 1926. The article is meant to help promote the building of recreational spaces  for African Americans. For this article the term 'recreational spaces' means  local play grounds and parks that children can access as well as camps which African Americans can attend. The first part of the article discusses the current lack of spaces, and the benefits such spaces would provide. The latter half of the article cites specific examples of recreational spaces that were created in the early 1920s. The majority of these newly created spaces are located in Southern states, however there are a few in the Northern states. For example, the Mosley Recreation Center in Chicago, IL. The picture on the top of the first page of the article is from the Mosley Center and features a group of African American Children taking part in an Egyptian scene during a pageant. There are three more images from photographs in the article, one shows children of color playing tennis, and the last two feature a group shots of children after a pageant and radio contest. This is captioned "The colored children did very well in the annual city-wide contest in radio construction, Douglass Playground, Chicago".  The author of the article, Ernest T. Attwell, was an important pioneer in the development of recreational spaces in America, particularly those aimed for use by minorities. 3 pages, double sided, numbered 161-166. Non-related articles and photographs on pg. 161 & 166.
 Aesthetic Movement Influenced Pledge Card, Abstain from Drinking, Smoking and Opium. ..1870s
A pledge card given as an agree to abstain from alcohol, smoking, and drugs. The deeply embossed card depicts an innocent young girl holding an overflowing bowl of liquid and a bouquet of ribbon tied wild flowers, design influenced by Aesthetic movement. Printed next to the image is: "Trusting in Gods Help, I solemnly promise to abstain from the use of alcoholic drinks, as a beverage, and from the use of tobacco and Opium in every form." Measures 4 1/2" x 3..
Playgrounds Association of Philadelphia - Why? Document No. 3.. .Philadelphia.1909
15 pp. Illustrated wraps. This booklet includes a few short essays extolling on the benefits of playgrounds for children's physical and mental health. The photographic image on the front cover depicts children playing in muddy water in the street gutter.  It was the prevalent thought of the time that outdoor play was essential in helping prevent the spread of tuberculosis and enforcing moral character. There are five black and white images from photographs (both full and half page) meant to help illustrate the various points of the essays. Each photograph comes with a caption, one of which hilarious states, "Craps, a game of chance, in which character has no chance." The booklet was also meant as a means of soliciting donations to the Playgrounds Association of Philadelphia. The back cover has a section that could be torn off and mailed in with a donation. Includes the Objectives of the Association, The Advance of the National Playground Movement, In the Playground Movement Philadelphia has not taken its Rightful Place, Philadelphia and the Playground Movement, How Can Playgrounds be Obtained?, Play as a Citizen Maker, Play as a Preventive of Crime and Play and Health. There are two script  notes on the back cover directed to the reader imploring them to join the movement. Measures 9 1/4" x 6". . A system of supervised playgrounds is essential in order to build up a robust motherhood and a vigorous citizenship for the next generation of Philadelphians
 Brochure for New England Music Camp. New England Music Camp.Oakland, ME.[1940]
A brochure for New England Music Camp located in Oakland, ME. Started in 1937 as a nonprofit by Dr. Paul E Wiggin and his wife Nina Wiggin, the camp's goal was to cultivate and refine the musical skills of the youth as well as help to support the physical, emotional, and social well-being of young musicians. The brochure starts with a brief summary of the camp and then continues in more detail regarding the exact nature of the musical education, both instrumental and vocal, provided by the camp. For example, each student a has weekly private lessons, and that they are to practice at least one hour a day in one of the camp's twenty-one practice cabins. There are also a variety of group projects provided by the camp, so that students learn to play as a unit. A 'fully balanced symphonic unit' practices for an hour and fifteen minutes each day as well. Additionally, every Sunday the camp's youth provide outdoor concerts for the locals, family members, and past alumni. Throughout the brochure are printed photographs of the facilities, students playing their instruments, as well as other more ubiquitous camp activities such as swimming, archery, dances, canoeing, and playing tennis. At the back of the brochure is a page of 'General Information', which includes such facts as the camp enrollment (120 campers between ages 12-20), the cost, medical services, and a list of items to bring to camp. Additionally there is a page featuring the camps song, 'By the Shores of Messalonskee', including its score, and a page showing an illustration of Maine and the different routes one can take to get to camp. The camp is still in operation today and is run by the original directors grandchildren. 28 pages. Printed photographic wrappers. Staple binding. Measures 12" x9"..
 A Plea Pennsylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty, Donation Day, Thanksgiving Day. Pennsylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty.Philadelphia, PA.1904
The Pennsylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty (SPCC) was founded in 1877 with the aim was to effect improvement in children's lives, specifically those "who are cruelly treated, or neglected physically, mentally, or morally." They did this through several methods, first by warning the child's parents and letting them know they were on probation. Second, by using the courts to temporarily remove the children until the parents could prove their improvement in living conditions or temperament. And lastly, if all else failed, permanently removing the children to a new home with either relatives or a unrelated "loving family". This pamphlet was their Thanksgiving Day advertisement for donations, and it even includes a pasted in donation envelope for use. The front of the pamphlet features a black and white image from a photograph of over a dozen young children on clustered steps. The captions reads, "A few of the children living in one courtyard. From typical homes needing supervision." Based on the photograph and accompanying text, it does appear as though the charity society viewed that only the urban poor could be cruel to their children, (and therefore needed supervision), and that their cruelty was a symptom of their poverty and/or lack of morals. Other information provided within the advertisement is a list of the society's board of directors, current expenses, work that needs to be done and work that has been done since the society's founding. On a side note, the printed photograph on the cover is to be view vertically, while all the text in the pamphlet is to be view horizontally. Single fold pamphlet with a pasted in donation envelope. Measures 6" x 4 1/2" (folded), 12 1/2" x 6" (unfolded), 4 1/4" x 2" (envelope).
Onondaga Indian Wigwam Co. Indian Wigwams and Playsuits - Holiday Supplement to Catalogue No. 11.
A two-fold holiday supplement presented by the Onondaga Indian Wigwam Co.  The cover depicts an illustration of Santa standing in front of the chimney.  Information about a men's and boys' Santa outfit below.   The remaining pages have provide product information and images from photographs for various boys' playsuits including Indian Chief Outfits, Military Outfits, Cowboy Outfits, Boy Scout and Policeman Outfits.  Also includes one page of play wigwams to construct Product information includes a product number, narrative, and price per dozen.  Measures 7" x 6 1/2" when folded. .
Promotional Booklet Hope Farm for Children
Baldwin Place Home for Little Wanderers Seventh Annual Report of the Baldwin Place Home for Little Wanderers. J. E. Farwell & Company, Printers.Boston.1872
The Baldwin Home for Little Wanderers was an orphanage in Boston founded in 1865 by ten Bostonian business men with the goal of taking care of children orphaned by the civil war. The Home was never meant to be a permeant home for the children, but rather act as way station where the children could be prepared for a new life with a new family. In fact it was apart of the famous Orphan Train movement. The item itself is the Seventh Annual Report from the Home, and and features a list of the board, a report on finances for the past year, and its constitution and by-laws. At the time of the report the home is said to have helped over 3,000 children. What is perhaps the most interesting about this report is the Historical Account of the Origin, Plan and Success of the Work. In this account it describes the home's mission, what kind of children they accept, the type of charity work they do beyond the Home itself for families, its day care, and accounts of so called interesting places. While the home took in any child regardless of age, they did have a few restrictions, such as "disease of either the body or mind, that shall prevent them from being adopted", or if the child was born out of wedlock. The Home believed that a "terrible malady runs through every vein and sinew like a deadly virus" for any child born out of wedlock. The report takes this one step further by providing 'proof' of this fact through two experiments the Home conducted. First, they took "a few into our nursery and with all the care that could be bestowed they could not be saved. It was found that their presence was detrimental to the health of other children. Then in order to test the experiment if possible, more thoroughly, rooms were obtained outside of our Home , and two well-known practical nurses were employed, and ten placed under their care, and every child died." The Home also provided day care for infants, what they called day babies, to help out working mothers. They describe the only alternative avenue for these working mothers "is to tie them [their children] up in chairs, and lock the door, and then away to her work." Another interesting section of this report are examples of letters sent to the Home from both the children who were placed with new families, and their new parents, basically stating how good the child is or how good the new home and family is. The Home itself is still in existence today, and it is now known as the New England Home for Little Wanderers (NEHLW). The front cover has a black and white engraving of the exterior of the Home. 24 pgs. Pink printed wrappers. OCLC 1 (Dec. 2019). Measures 9" x 5 3/4"..
 The Charter and Constitution of the Providence Female Charitable Society, 4th Edition. John Carter.Providence, RI.1804
The Providence Female Charitable Society was first formed in 1800, to help 'indigent women and children'. One of the key conditions to a woman receiving aid from the Society was that any children of theirs deem to be 'of proper age' had to be in school. The Society's first charter and constitution printed in 1801, this item is the 4th Edition of that charter was printed in 1804. Along with the by-laws of the Society a list of members and donors are included. The Society is still in existence today. Replacement blue wrappers. 12 pp. Measures 8 1/2" x 5 1/2".  OCLC - 5 paper copies.  April 2019..
(Asama, Kimiko) Tadpole  From "Tadpole"  Lucy W. Titcomb East Northfield, MA.1937
38pp.  Illustrated wraps.  An image from a photograph of the young authoress holding a doll.   Her introduction is To Dear Children (in America) that concludes with a verse "Nations are Friends".  Contents includes: Why Am I Tadpole? A Flower-Magician Mr Spider  Rip Van Winkle in Japan Master Momotaro - a four act play  What is in the moon  Kintaro at Mt. Ashigara  A Tongue-Cut Sparrow  A Robe of Feathers.   Line drawn full page and in-text illustrations throughout.  Measures 9" x 6".  OCLC - 0 (July 2019). Foreword by the publisher, a former professor of "Tadpole" advising that she was particularly interested in promoting World Friendship.  As an adult she gathered the best-loved Japanese legends and  fairy stories and told them in her own words for American children. She indicates that although written for children its a must read for anyone interested in "Inter-Relations".
John Robins Sharpless Sr. Diary of John R. Sharpless, Lawyer from Pennsylvania, includes trip to World's Fair . .Catawissa, PA.1893
An 1893 pocket diary for John R. Sharpless, a twenty-two year old man who was studying to become a lawyer. While doing so he was working for William H Rhawn, a prominent attorney from Sharpless' hometown of Catawissa, PA. Sharpless writes short, detailed, entries on a daily basis, until he stops abruptly on October 29. Each entry includes the weather, both temperature and description, as well as a list of everything he had done that day. The majority of Sharpless' life at that point revolved around the law, either in the form of various cases he was working on for his boss, Rhawn, or studying for the bar exam. Additionally a large portion of the diary is dedicated to his courtship of Lois Gearhart, the woman who, a few short years later, would become his wife. Other topics include various social activities with his friends and family, such as card games, billiard games, sleigh rides, or fishing trips (he was avid angler). Two events of note take place during this year, the first of which is his trip to the Chicago World's Fair (aka World's Columbian Exposition) with a group of his friends, including Lois Gearhart. There they spend over a week in late July visiting the fair grounds and the various attractions. The second event takes place on April 24 when his boss' 13 year old son, Harry Rhawn, runs away. What follows over the next month and a half are various trips both he and his boss take in an effort to find the young boy. The Rhawn family took out various adverts in newspapers, even going as far at to send the boy's description to the Chicago PD, fearing he was trying to make it to the World's Fair. The boy was eventually found in Erie, PA, almost 300 miles from his hometown, and John was sent to retrieve him. Below are some quotes from Sharpless' entries. "8, cloudy. Worked hard in morn in office. Learned that I could not be admitted in February, Good sleighing... new resolution to study like the devil." - January 15 "33, clear. Nice day. Worked at office in morn. At Bloom (PA), with Steve Blady to identify burglars in afternoon in jail house. At home in evening." - January 30 "28, clear, cold and windy. Streets and roads like glass. All covered with ice. Everybody falling... Burglar case called. At Danville for two hours in afternoon. Spent time with Lois Gerhart." - February 7 "48, clear. At Bloom in morning doing lots of business. Rhawn finished argument in Pevagh case. I hustled Blackstone until supper time... Examined for admission to the bar, at the 11 train with examiners. Harry Rhawn left town." - April 24 "54, cloudy. Eventful day. I got up early as W. H. Rhawn sent for me. He went to Phila to see if Harry was killed. I was admitted to bar in morn. Did all of Rhawn's business. World's Fair opens. [Joseph Smith] Harris takes charge of P & R RR [Philadelphia and Reading Railroad] - raining hard in eve, umbrella fixer beats me [in] billiards." - May 1 "Redder case at Catawissa settled. Lois and I at [Chicago World's] Fair Grounds. Went to Midway Plaisance, saw about everything. Spent some time at the Penna [Pennsylvania] Building. Lois home. I saw T. Thomas [Theodore Thomas] orchestra. Lois & I to see Buffalo Bill." - July 27 "55, cloudy. Home and put on fishing clothes. Rhawn, Gilbert, and I fishing in canal. Caught 72 bass." - October 19 Brown leather covers, with two pockets on the front. Standard Diary No. 67. Informational pages in front, such has units of measurement, list of holidays, and city population. Pages have gilt fore edge. There is an pocket folder attached to the interior back cover, as well as a slot for a pencil. Measures 6" x 3 1/4".. John Robins Sharpless Sr, was born on September 20, 1871 to Ambrose Harder Sharpless (1843-1919) and Mary Brobst Sharpless nee Robins (1848-1922) in Catawissa, PA. He graduated from Catawissa High School and attended Lafayette College in Easton, PA where he was a member of the Chi Phi Fraternity. While studying law he worked for William H Rhawn (1856-1919), a distinguished lawyer from his hometown. On December 16, 1893 he was admitted to the bar in the PA countries of Columbia and Luzerne, and soon moved to Hazleton, PA. There he opened up is own law practice and he remained in the area for the rest of his life. He married Lois Martin Gearhart on December 1 1896 in Danville, PA and together they had two children, Jean Sharpless Garriss (1899-1994) and John Robins Sharplesss Jr (1904-1980). He died on Jan 9, 1953 in Hazleton, PA after a short illness.
Casting Directors Album of Experienced Screen Children "stars of tomorrow"; Starring This Issue - Juveniles and Ingenues As well as Children. The Screen Kiddies' Guild
60pp. illustrated wraps. (The Only Professional Children's Club in the World).Hollywood, CA.October-November 1927) Contents includes hundreds of images from photographs of children including information on age, height, sometimes weight, hair and eye color, current and future releases, contact info.  Content categories include Boys Characters, Wee Boys, Small Boys, Medium Size, Large Boys, Feature Boys, Boys and Girls Juveniles Girls Blondes, Brunettes, Near Brunettes, Wee Girls, Small Girls, Character Babies Ingenues A note on the title page reads "Every Child Listed in this Book Has Had Screen Experience and Has a Permit to Work in Pictures Valid at the Present Moment". Measures 11" x 8". OCLC -1 (July 2019). Of note; some of the girl poses are somewhat provocative. This book belonged to: George E. Marshall (1891-1975) was an American actor, screenwriter, producer, film and television director, active through the first six decades of film history.
 23 Select Papers on the many facets and factors surrounding the Playground. Second Annual Playground Congress.New York, NY.1908
A set of 23 booklets, mostly 8pp. in which each one is the text from speeches given at several different conferences held in 1908 discussing the importance of playgrounds. Most were given at the Second Annual Playground Congress which was held on Madison Ave in New York City from September 8th - 12th, 1908.  The congress was considered to be a huge success. In attendance were representatives, mostly mayors from large cities from thirty-one different states, and even delegates from Canada and Puerto Rico. Each booklet is numbered. Booklets included are: 22-33, 35-36, 39-41, 43, 50, 60-61, 64, and 66. Includes: Landscape Gardening for Playgrounds The Significance of Recent National Festivals in Chicago What the Playground cando for Girls The Need of a Play Organizer Winter Organization of Playgrounds Some Inexpensive Play Ground Apparatus Recent Playground Development in Chicago The Playground from the Standpoint of the Executive Officer of the City The Relation of Play grounds to Juvenile Delinquency The Playground as a Phase of Social Reform Can the Child Survive Civilization? Children of the Century The Home Playground The Playground a Necessary Accompaniment to Child Labor Restriction Why we Want Play Grounds Annual Report of Mr. Lee F. Hanmer Annual Report of Dr. Henry S. Curtis Playgrounds and Playground Equipment The Business of Play New Jersey Playground Law Report of E. B. DeBroot, Director Gymnasiums and Playgrounds South Park Commission Chicago Folk and National Dances The Playground as a Factor in School Hygiene Each booklet measures 9" x 6".. City Library of Manchester NH deaccession
"As the Twig is Bent" a hand drawn Childhood Labor Poster
A 17 1/2" x 14" hand drawn poster about child labor. The poster features an image of Uncle Sam hold his top hat in hand and looking down on a small stunted tree that is growing out of a rocky landscape. On a rock near by the tree is the wood 'labor' and on the tree trunk itself is the wood 'childhood'. At the base of the poster is a pasted-on quote, “As the twig is bent.” The quote is derived from Alexander Pope's Epistles to Several Persons, published in 1732 “Just as the twig is bent the tree's inclined.” This saying is often misquoted as “As the twig is bent, so is the tree inclined” or “as the twig is bent, so grows the tree.” It is meant to extoll on the idea that early influences have a permanent effect and more importantly that the effects of parental, environmental and peer influences can have a huge impact on a young molding mind and will shape who they are and how they act later in life. In this instance, in the context of child labor, it is meant to make the viewer reflect on how hard labor can permanent effect a child. The image itself is drawn in black charcoal with a blue color pencil beneath that was used during the first sketch of the images. It is signed Batchelder. On the back of the poster, it is stamped “PUP Dec 2 1934.”  Edge wear.
Original Art - Children are the World's Most Valuable Resource and its Best Hope for the Future
A 12" x 23" original tempera work.  A stenciled orange naive paper doll chain across the page backed in yellow with green accents.  John F. Kennedy penned at top.  "Children are the World's Most Valuable Resource and its Best Hope for the Future" penned at base.  The vibrant colors of the mid to late 1960s.   Unidentified. 1/4" x 1/2" water stain bottom margin with minimal detraction.