page contents

Join our mailing list!

You are here:Home > Social & Cultural > Gender Roles
Sort By:
Page of 1
 Glamour Parade, Paper Dolls No. 184. Stephens Publishing Co.Sandusky, OH. G. Woolston, Photographer.  CDV- Girls at Work & Play - School Bag & Jump Rope. .Newcastle, N.S.W. , Australia.
This book has four cut-out dolls, (two on both the front and back covers), and their names are: Adrienne, Barbara, Cynthia, and Deborah. Each doll is given one page of outfits, all of which are traditionally feminine. The clothes in this book appear to have a more sketch-like appearance. Some of the outfits are also 'career' outfits, like Deborah's nurse outfit.  No. 184 Book Size: 12" x 10 1/2" Number of Dolls: 4 Doll Size: 8 3/4 No. of Costume Pages: 4 . A posed image of two young school girls dressed in their finery; one holds a woven school bag, the other a jump rope..
Junior Joys for Girls & Boys - Women's Work Calendar and Little Polly Flinders Paper Doll  Glamour Models, Paper Dolls No. 177. Stephens Publishing Co.Sandusky, OH.
A 14 3/4" x 10 1/2"  children's page from People's Popular Magazine.  It is the Junior Joys for Girls and Boys.  This is the Girl's page.  It features the story of The Sad Bird-House and a 5 1/2" x 2 3/4" "jolly calendar" for little girls to trace or draw outlining women's work by day of the week i.e. Monday is wash day, Tuesday is ironing day.  At the base of the page is Polly Flinders, a 1 3/4" paper doll with 3 outfits and a doll plus a  she also has an anthropomorphic or dressed bird with a sinlge outfit.  Edge wear and toning. This book has four cut-out dolls, (two on both the front and back covers), and their names are: Sherry, Cynthia, Marilyn, and Pamela. Each doll is given one page of outfits, all of which are traditionally feminine. Pamela even has a bridal gown and veil. No. 177 Book Size: 12" x 10 1/2" Number of Dolls: 4 Doll Size: 8 3/4 No. of Costume Pages: 4 .
 Be a Li'l Miss Designer Dressmaking Kit No. 898. Neptune Plastics, Inc..Brooklyn.c1960 Eye Appeal means Buy Appeal - Ajustrite Dress Form. Gerstein Bros. Mfg. Corp.New York.
An unused  large format book titled  Be a Li'l Miss Designer - With this revolutionary new Colorful Self-Sticking Plastic Dressmaking Kit - No Glue No Sewing No Mess! Manufactured by Neptune Plastics, Inc. Brooklyn 16, NY.No. 898. Includes 4 different colors, 6 different styles (patterns), one 13" Model Doll that stands by itself, 4 storage bags for parts and many additional suggestions.  "Unlimited Hours of Fun for Girls of Every Age"  When opened the inside cover depict images of the various models and instructions.  Affixed with plastic spirals at center is a plastic wrapped card that includes the doll, the patterns and the material including ruffled trim pieces.  The back cover further promotes the product  Instructions on reverse read "Choose your outfit -- cut out paper pattern - cut plastic to shape of pattern -- cut ruffles to size.  Dress model with self-sticking clothes and ruffles. Dolls include Miss Holland, Miss Hawaii, Miss Western and Miss America.  Measures 13 1/4" x 10 1/2". . A 12 1/2" x 8 1/4" printed cardboard form to be used to improve the appearance of a dress on a hanger.  No. 100 Model M.  It is an Ajustrite Dress form "The weight is on the tape. String tie at top that attaches to a hanger allows for proper placement of the form.  The belt from the dress is used to create a streamline waist.  Illustration and narrative instructions at base.   Reverse is blank..
 Gay and Gail, Glamorous Clothes Paper Dolls. Merrill Publishing Company.Chicago.1953 Tuesday Weld, Teenage Sweetheart of the Movies. Saalfield Publishing.Akron, Oh.1961
Two female paper dolls named Gay and Gail, with a variety of outfits from casual wear to formal wear. There is one punch out paper doll on both the front and back covers. No. 1557.  Book Size: 12 1/4" x 10 1/4". Number of Dolls: 2 Doll Size: 11 1/2" No. of Costume Pages: 6 . Tuesday Weld was an American actress perhaps best known for her role in "The Cincinnati Kid". The covers states "Her Complete Wardrobe for dates, parties, and sports", however none of the outfits appear to be the 'traditional' sports wear. The only ones that come close are  pair of sweaters and plaid shorts. Not in book format, but rather a die-cut cardboard sheet has two punch out dolls with a window and detached folded sheets of costume pages. The window on the cardboard allows the viewer to see the costume pages beneath. Folded pages containing outfits are separate from the dolls. Missing scissors. Authorized Edition. No. 714 Book Size: 12" x 8" Number of Dolls: 2 Doll Size: 8 1/2" No. of Costume Pages: 6 folded pages .
 Un-Cut Paper Doll Book - At Our House;  Mothers & Daughters, Saalfield 1960s. ..  Un-Cut Paper Doll Book Skating Stars, Whitman 1954 - 3 Dolls. ..
The front cover depicts a little girl playing on a porch in front of a door with a die-cut window, exposing her mother on the next page.  The last two pages have an additional mother and daughter--could be two sets of twins. There names are Dawn, Celia, Amy and Bonnie. Punch-out dolls and costumes to cut.  Measures 12 1/2" x 8 1/2". 6  Costume pages.. Skating Stars in three different poses.  All of their costumes are designed for the ice, including a hula skirts, a sailor suit, princess, rag-a-muffin and much more.  Measures  12" xc 10". 6 Costume pages..
Effie Louise Koogle A Hallowe'en Adventure: A Play For Young People. March Brothers.Lebanon, OH.1906  Rhonda Fleming Paper Doll and Coloring Book, Authorized Edition. Saalfield Pub. Co. .Akron, OH.1954
26pp. Grey paper wrapper with a decorative border surrounding the title on the front cover. A small box of text in the center describes the play as "full of ghostly excitement and spooky frolic", then gives the run time and actors required for the production. The inside cover lists other holiday-specific plays published by the March Brothers related to Hallowe'en, Armistice Day, and Thanksgiving, as well as two "Americanization Plays" that focus on citizenship and assimilation. And on the back cover, there is an ad for "Fancy Dress Costumes for Masquerade Parties and Entertainments" that lists options for children, women, as well as specific options such as Uncle Sam costumes, colonial costumes, and Santa Claus costumes. Play tells the story of a young girl named Nell Norton and her friends at an all-girls school hatching a scheme to sneak out on Halloween and visit Sleepy Hollow to see some ghosts. Boys from a nearby all-boys school, not allowed to go to the festivities due to a prank the earlier year, learn about the girl's plan and decide to try and scare them by dressing up like ghosts, pretending to capture them, then appearing as famous figures like Rip Van Winkle, Napoleon, and Ichabod Crane. However, Nell and her friend Gloria, while frightened by the fake kidnapping, have fun meeting these ghosts and are disappointed when they must leave. The play ends with the boys taking off their costumes and admitting that Nell and Gloria may have fallen for their trick, but it wouldn't be long before the girls found them out - as one admits, "our humiliation will equal their fright". With obvious admiration for Nell and the girls, they agree that it was all worth it to "clash wits with girls of their caliber". Measures 7 1/4" x 5".. Paper doll book with an illustration of  Rhonda Fleming in portrait view, surrounded by brightly colored decorative elements. Two dolls printed on back cover as punch outs, 11" tall. 4 pages of costumes, all uncut, with a decorative border mimicking the pattern on the cover. 48 coloring pages, unused, with captions on the bottom of each coloring page to create a narrative of Rhonda Fleming's life: describing a normal day for a famous actress, presenting her as an ideal for women and young girls to strive for.    14" x 10 3/4"..
 Betty Grable Paper Dolls, A "Look-Thru" Book. Merrill Publishing Company.Chicago, IL.1953 Uncut Advertising Paper Dolls Sheet - Young Boy with 4 Military Costumes. Brook's Glace Spool Thread.England.c1890s
Betty Grable was an American actress, pin-up girl, dancer, and singer. She is perhaps most know for her roles in "Mother Wore Tights" and "How to Marry a Millionaire" , as well as a pin-up poster of her in a bathing suit which became the number one selling pin-up girl of World War II. The cover of the paper doll book is die cut, showing Grable 'pulling back the curtain' to reveal her paper doll. The paper doll book features several fashionable outfits, but does also include several costumes, such as a cowgirl outfit an a Swedish maid. No. 255255 Book Size: 14" x 10 1/2" Number of Dolls: 2 Doll Size: 12" No. of Costume Pages: 8 . A uncut 7 1/2" x 6 5/8" paper doll sheet promoting Brook's Glace Spool Cotton.   It includes a 5 1/2" young adolescent male paper doll with a note in his hand "with Brook's Compliments" and spool thread at his feet. It also includes four (4) miliatry costumes from different branches of the service. The reverse of has advertising to correspond with the reverse of the dolls and the costumes.  Instructions for cutting and use also found on reverse..
Style Shop Paper Dolls. Saalfield.Akron OH.1943  Junior Miss Paper Dolls. Saalfield Pub. Co..Akron, OH.1942
An 11" x 11" book with four (4) "perfectly shaped" statuesque young women paper dolls on the covers adorned in undergarments.  The four (4) costume pages contain nip waist dresses and outfits. Most include a matching hat.  Also includes a wedding gown. There is one somewhat uncharacteristic outfit with loose fitting pants and sweater with a letter sweater. The border decorations are 1940s feminine niceties such as cosmetics, jewels, gloves, handkerchiefs and handbags-- each with a ribbon background. . 15 5/8" x 10 3/4" uncut paper doll book with four (4) 12" adolescent girls - Judy, Betty, Molly and Patsy.  Six (6) pages of costumes including play clothes, prom wear, school outfits, shoes with anklets, school books with a book strap and of course hats to match each of the outfits -- everything a Junior Miss would wish for. .
Women And the War  Fairy, Children's Vehicles - Velocipedes, Tricycles, Trailer Carts, Biplane Flyers & Bicycles. Colson Corporation.Elyria, Ohio .[1930]
Women And the War
Price: $100.00
An 8 pg. folded brochure for Fairy Children's Vehicles, a company that made a variety of children's vehicles, such as velocipedes, tricycles, trailer carts, biplane flyers (Scooters), and bicycles. The front cover of this brochure has various two color illustrations of children, boys and girls of varying ages, playing on Fairy's products. A fold-out catalogue. The initial narrative describes how our impostor brands aren't as durable or reliable as Fairy and that "children are very hard on their playthings... [Fairies] are made to withstand this abuse and should damage occur, service is instantly available from any of the branch warehouses and service stations." The remaining pages feature larger, more realistic illustrations of the actual item sold along with some general information such as model number or wheel size. Some captions gender specific  "for boys under seven" or "for boys over seven". At no time do they ever state that their vehicles could be used by girls. Even in the illustrations of children playing on the front cover, the girls are either the wagon being pulled by a boy or on gentler velocipedes or scooters.   This brochure was compliments of the Cremieux Hardware Company in Chicago which appears to have been an authorized seller of Fairy products. 8 pgs fold brochure. Measures 6 3/4" x 5 1/2" (folded), 22" x 6 3/4" (unfolded). Fairy children's vehicles was a line produced by the Colson Corporation located in Elyria, OH. In the 1920s they had opened around seventeen stores in major cities all over the US to sell and repair their products, however once the Great Depression came, the company fell into receivership and was broken up into smaller companies.
Air Hostess Push-Out Paper Dolls and Dresses. Saalfield.Akron OH.1947 Norman Carr, M. D. Birth Control, Plain Medical Information. Lanteen Laboratories, INC.,  under the auspices Medical Bureaus of Information on Birth Control.Chicago, IL.1934
A 13 3/4" x 10 5/8"  book with six (6) punch out paper dolls on the covers including an Air Hostess.  Six (6) costume pages.  Note that the costumes are formal, as one would have worn on an airplane in the 1940s.  Additionally the costumes are for an affluent family vacationing.  Notably there is only one additional costume for the Air Hostess, which is an additional uniform (all work and no play).  Airplane motif background decoration. . A short 22pp booklet about the different methods of birth control available to women in the 1930s. This booklet attempts to straddle a very fine line between the moral and religious ideals, and women's reproductive rights, however it often manages to contradict itself in doing so. It starts off by saying that "Motherhood is the grandest, richest and the most glorious experience which may occur in a woman's life.... it is too wonderful to treat it lightly and too sacred to thrust it upon a woman against her will...", which appears to be a very pro-life woman's right stance in regard to all women, regardless of circumstance. However it soon becomes very clear that this stance is only considered moral and ethical by them under very strict conditions: "those few who still say they are opposed to Birth Control are often very ignorant of the problem about which they attempt to argue.... they often do not distinguish between Birth Control and abortion.... Birth Control, as advocated by ethical persons and organizations, is not meant for the illicit use of the unmarried, but is designed for the protection of the health and happiness of married couple... Birth Control in marriage is not a religious question, it is a matter of economics and health." After this outlining of when birth control should be used, the booklet proceeds to describe the various methods of birth control, and the pros and cons of each. Methods that are not recommended are: inter-uterine stems often called gold buttons or wishbones (a pre cursory to today's modern hormonal IUDs), douching, withdrawal, suppositories, and male condoms (because "in most cases it is unsatisfactory to one or both parties, occasionally harmful; and due to defective material, especially the cheaper kind, it often fails as a contra-ceptive", a position that is currently recognized as untrue). Next the booklet continues on to recommended two different types of birth control methods, though first they do stress that any and all of these methods must be done before intercourse starts. The first approved method recommended is contra-ceptive jelly, which in order to use, one must determine what class of woman you are.  "First class" women are "brides and wives who have not yet borne a child or suffered a miscarriage", and therefore can just smear the jelly over one's cervix. Second class women, women who have only had one child and suffered no "birth damage" to the cervix, might be able to just use the contra-ceptive jelly, but probably should use it with a tampon or cap, and third class women are those who have had more than one child or birth damage and then must use the jelly with a tampon or cap. The second approved method is the diaphragm, often called the female condom, which according to the the 1930 International Conference on Birth Control, it is "the best known method of contra-ception." Next the booklet provides information on the Medical Bureaus of Information on Birth Control who had medical offices in Chicago and Detroit where women could attend free lectures on birth control and also would be able to see only female physicians. A short section on the "Legal and Ethical" practices of birth control follow, which essentially state that birth control is not illegal and that "one of the moral reasons for the practice of Birth Control is that it eliminates the dangers of illegal abortions".  Lastly there are four pages of advertisements for Lanteen Birth control products themselves, such as their various jellies, tampons and caps. The booklet contains several illustrations of the products, diagrams on how to use them, and three small illustrations of the cervix so that a woman can better understand the different classes of women.  Illustrated wrappers. Staple binding. OCLC 2  (APR 2020) Measures 6 3/4" x 3 1/4"..
Guy R. Radley & Perry O. Powell Save Our Children - Preventing Accidental Injury. Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Co., Cooperating with the Milwaukee Safety Commission.Milwaukee, WI.[1923]  You Don't Think, A War Department Pamphlet, NO. 21-15. War Department.Washington, DC.16236
A 32pp (unnumbered) comprehensive  booklet on safety for children, and what parents should look for both inside and outside of the home to protect their children. It begins by telling the reader that there were 65 accidental deaths of children in Milwaukee in the past year, and continues on to state that even if your child survives an accident, (s)he may "be brought home on a stretcher - perhaps crippled for life - perhaps nevermore to speak or smile." Next it takes you through a variety of scenarios on how a child may be injured. Within the house, where 40% of accidental deaths occur, there is falling, scalding, choking, burning (either via cooking or any of the various contraptions used to heat one's house) or poisoning through household cleaners and/or medicine.  Outside of the house injuries mostly involving some sort of motorized transport and risk taking, but also references drowning and falls .  Often times these photographs are accompanied by captions, such as a photograph of a group of boys playing in the street, states "Death is the price of Street Play", and on another photograph showing boys climbing and playing on industrial equipment it states "Adventurous Boys Fill Hospitals". Accompanied by several black and white illustrations of children in perilous situations and illustrations from photographs.  There are a few pages which implore parents to support funding of playgrounds where kids can play safety, though this appears to be a general appeal rather then a request for a specific fund or project. The booklet ends with nine suggestions for parents in ensure they and their children follow, such as "2- Look Both Ways, And Keep on Looking... 8 - Roller Skates are Treacherous".  Printed Wrappers. Staple binding. OCLC 0 (Apr. 2020) Photos by Brown & Rehbaum. Measures 5 1/2" x 4 1/4" To view the item, please click on the following link: https://photos.app.goo.gl/uKAd5Jy3Gs7o9dre9. Of note in the booklet are the photographs themselves which depict rather clear gender roles, as they barely feature young girls at play, but rather mostly boys. Of all the photographs, only three feature girls. The first is of a young girl running across the street after her mother failed to hold her hand. The second and third photographs are set, first depicting two girls roller skating over some trolley tracks, and the showing one of the girls after she tripped on the track and now appears as though her legs are crushed by the on coming trolley. This is also the only photograph that actually depicts an injured child. "YOU DON'T THINK IT CAN EVER HAPPEN TO YOU VD ... venereal disease." And so starts a 64 (unnumbered) pp booklet made during WWII to educate soldiers on various sexually transmitted diseases, mainly syphilis and gonorrhea. The military efforts to stave of venereal diseases often sought to balance the religious and moral standards of the home front while dealing with the reality of soldiers away from home and fighting a war. The booklet is written in plain simple language, using different colors to emphasis certain words; each message with a relevant illustration.  Additionally, within the text different fonts or embellishments (capitals, italics, font color, etc.) are used to emphasize certain words. For nearly all text pages, there is an accompanying illustration on the next page used to underscore the text. It begins by stating that no matter how "smart at sizing up a gal... [you] could not tell at a glance" if a girl had VD, and "No girl is going to tell you she has it, you can't ever be sure". It continues on by educating the reader a bit on how one can get a STD, such as "almost always you get it by sexual intercourse when THIS PART of the body is exposed" (this quote is accompanied by an illustration of a fully clothed man with red lines used to indicate his genital regions). This is followed by bringing on the shame stating that it can "wreck....  a lot of plans" (accompanied by an illustration of a diamond ring) and also "your armies plans: venereal diseases can put a man OFF THE TEAM  -- and that is O.K. by the ENEMY..." (accompanied by an illustration of soldiers deploying from a LCVP/ Higgins boat during a beach landing with one soldier looking away, drawn in red). It continues by imploring the soldier to "live by the moral and religious laws that have been taught you: Don't have sexual intercourse outside of marriage [and] if you do expose yourself, TAKE ALL PRECAUTIONS ... always use a rubber ... and be sure you have a PRO-KIT with you". What follows next is very detailed instructions on where a soldier can obtain such items, and how to use them. What is an interesting contraction in this section is that they actually use the appropriate anatomical  terms rather than the undefined "THIS PART" with an oblique illustration from earlier in the pamphlet. The booklet ends, with two final statements to the soldier, "If you do get careless and become infected ... the Army has the best treatment you can get anywhere" and that "SCIENCE is on your side soldier, USE IT."  On the back cover is printed "War Department Pamphlet No. 21-25, 'You Don't Think,' is published for the information and guidance of all concerned. [A. G. 726.1 (13 Jun 44) ] Distribution: One to each male officer and enlisted man."   Staple binding. Measures 5 1/4" x 4 1/4". To view the item, please click on the following link: https://photos.app.goo.gl/v6pUg2ALXuiHuipe7. Sexual transmitted diseases were a bit problem for the military effort, something that the US learned in WWI when VD caused around 18,000 soldiers a day to be laid up. Towards the end of 1944, mainly due the military's effort to educate the troops and medical advances (with gonorrhea going from a month long hospital stay in 1943 to a 5 day treatment course that normally could be done while on duty in 1944), those numbered had dropped to about 600 per day being laid up due to sexually transmitted diseases.  The message from these campaigns included Attempts to stop the soldier from engaging in sexual activity by shaming them, either by using the religious and moral standards (sex should only happen between married couples, VD can destroy families, etc.) If a soldier caught a VD and had to be removed from duty, he was letting his fellow soldiers down, and helping the enemy. Depicting  women as deceitful or temptresses that soldiers had to been on guard against. Normalizing the use of condoms or a "pro-kit" (prophylactic). Due to the length of this booklet it manages to extoll on all of the various forms of deterrents.
US Air Force Recruiting Service A Trio of Items Relating to WAF: Women in the Air Force. .Quincy, IL.1963-1965 Letters of Mary Adeline in Holliston to Lovina Emerson, 1848-1849. ..1848-1849
This small collection encompasses a trio of items relating to the recruitment of WAF, or Women in the Air Force.  According to the brochures in this collection the career fields open to WAF were personnel, administration, supply, education and training, air traffic control and warning, transportation, accounting, finance, auditing, and medical assistant (in either medical or dental fields). Additionally officers in the WAF were "active in the realm of space, in assignments as psychologist, physicists, chemist, and other scientific specialties".  The three items in this collection are: 1) "Opportunity for Young Women", a folded double sided folded brochure that provides basic information on the requirements and benefits of being a WAF. There is a tear off section to send in for more information. Additionally there are several small black and white printed photographs of WAF in action, as well as a colored illustration of a WAF on the front cover. Printed on the base of the brochure is: "CWE 64-1B-250M  * GPO : 1963 0-698-290"   2) "Your Daughter in the US Air Force", 14 page booklet with illustrated wrappers. There are images from  photographs throughout of various WAF at their jobs or socializing. It is clear the booklet's aim was to parents of young women in order to help them either encourage their daughters to join or alleviate their fears from their daughters joining the USAF. "A young woman's years of service in the Air Force will give her more poise and maturity, and a better understanding of the world in which she will live... a young woman who learns one of the technical skills of the Aerospace Age has a bright future. In or out of the Service, good jobs await women with this kind of experience... your daughter's living quarters and off-duty hours will be supervised by women officers, specially selected and trained.... As parents you will experience a deep sense of pride that your daughter is working at an interesting and challenging job. Pay starts at $78.00 dollars a month."  Printed on the back is: "CWE 64-28-150M * GPO: 1964 O-773-745.  3) "WAF: Women in the Air Force", a single fold brochure directed towards young women themselves. It is printed in blue and has five printed photographs of WAF in action. The tone of this brochure fluctuates between flattering and condescending, and uses a combination of historical references of women's roles in previous conflicts, to their current hopes for career and independence, the possibility of travel, and possible romantic future to attract recruits. "Rosie the riveter and her sister the sergeant rejected the kitchen sink and the Monday wash in the brave new postwar world...  two major avenues leading to a commission are open to WAF... the Air Force Academy, of course, is not open; no female may be admitted to these hallowed halls as cadet, but a WAF officer did serve as a registrar there for six years... while there are some variations in the type of quarters the enlisted WAF will find at her duty station, they offer the comforts and off-duty life that is not unlike a college sorority house...  only unmarried girls may enlist, but there is no prohibition against marriage once they are in the Air Force... The Air Force, as a matter of fact, tends to be sympathetic toward young love when it blossoms on an Air Force base. Some 15 percent of the WAF are married to husbands in Air Force Uniforms... it is tougher for a girl to get into the Air Force than it is for a man. She must pass tests with a higher marks... while she is not required to do push-ups or run the four minute mile, the physical requirements are as exacting in the own way as they are for the men... while the majority [of WAF] find their way into some type of administrative duty... a few of the girls somehow manage to attach themselves to more unusual occupations. One is a traffic dispatcher for an air police squadron. And amazingly, a WAF was recently nominated Maintenance 'Man' of the Month for her work in Electronic Countermeasures shop." Printed on the back is "S65-3534". According to a stamp on all three of these brochures, they originated at US Air Force Recruiting Service in Quincy, IL, which was ran by SSGT Paul W. Vest. The WAF were eventually disbanded in 1976 when women were accepted into the USAF on an equal basis as men.  The largest measures 10 1/2" x 8 1/4". To view this collection, please click on the following link: https://photos.app.goo.gl/jcrAyrA1nYpciZhK7. The National Security Act of 1947 formed the basis of the US Air Force as separate branch of the US Military (prior to that it was a part of the US Army), and in 1948 WAF was formed under the Women's Armed Services Integration Act, which also allowed women to serve directly in the military rather than the 'auxiliary' roles they held in the past. At this point the military began actively recruiting women to fill a variety of, mostly administrative, rolls. For the USAF there were specific requirement for WAF. They were to be between the ages of 18 and 27 (though if younger than 21 written consent from a parent or guardian was required), a high school graduate, unmarried and without dependents, pass a mental and physical exam, and of "good moral character" (normally determined by written references from the young woman's community). Two letters from Mary in Holliston, MA to her friend, Lovina Emerson, in Southboro [sic], MA. The letters detail the life of Mary and her close relationship with Lovina. The letters are almost two years apart and show the changing lifestyles between the two. Mary is teaching while Lovina is starting a family. They have mutual friends that are discussed along with the happenings in their hometown.
India Allen Diary and Commonplace Book Belonging to India Allen, an educated woman in mid 19th Century New York. .New York.1841-1848 Hand Made Game of Old Maid - Gender Roles Occupations. ..c1940s
A diary/common place book from New York in the 1840s. It belonged to a young woman named India Allen. Not much biographical information is known about India, beyond the fact that she lived at 6 Washington Square, New City. Based on her writing it is clear that she and her family comes from some means, and moved within some very high social circles. An interesting take on the game of Old Maid. A set of 39 numbered cards. The cards are numbered in pairs (1-18) with each set depicting a different occupation with a card for a man and another for a woman. A true study in gender roles -- 1 - A priest and a nun 2 - Circus Performers - burly male clown with an ax and a delicate woman tight rope walker in pink 3 - Wait Staff - a male in tails with a menu and a female cafeteria worker 4- Tailor designing pants and a seamstress hemming a dress 5- Hair Dressers - man styling hair and women washing hair 6- Street Merchants - Man with an ice cream card and woman selling vegetables 7 - Gardening - man digging and woman with watering can 8 - Cleaners - man with vacuum and woman with feather duster 9 - Artists - man carrying finished works and woman with paints and an easel 10 - Cookery - man sampling and preparing a dish and woman rolling dough 11 - Office Workers - man executive with brief case and woman typing 12 - Playing - boy on a hobby horse with a toy gun and girl playing with doll 13 - Beggars - man organ grinder with  monkey and woman (waif) begging with her apron extended 14 - Musicians - man conductor and woman plays harp 15 - Sports - man down hill skiing and woman diving 16 -  Butchers - man chopping meat with clever and woman twists sausages 17 -  Farming - man wheels a  scythe and woman milks a cow 18 - Leisure time - man whittles a man and woman plays with  toy village 19 - Medical Profession - man is a doctor setting a bone and woman is a nurse pushing a dinner card. 20 - The old maid and her cat... Drawn with pen and crayon. Reverse is blank.  Measure 5 3/8" x 3 1/2".   Housed in a plain white box  with "Old Maid" crayoned on the top. .